About Kabul University
Kabul University, as the main university and the first institution of higher education in Afghanistan, was established in November 1932 with the establishment of the Medical Faculty and gradually developed with new faculties. This university as an influential institution; at the same time, has been affected by the political and military developments in Afghanistan over the past four decades.
Kabul University had a development period during (1932 - 1978) and observed important changes. During this period, the modern higher education system of Afghanistan was established at the core of Kabul University. As in 1946 (Kabul University Establishment Law) was made, which is in fact; the foundation of the academic and administrative activities of higher education in Afghanistan. Following the establishment of the Medical Faculty (1932), the structural development of Kabul University was expanded. The Faculty of Law and Political Science (1938), the Faculty of Science (1942), the Faculty of Literature (1944), the Faculty of Sharia (Islamic) Law (1951), the Faculty of Agriculture and Engineering (1956), the Faculty of Economics (1958), the Faculty of Pharmacy (1959) and the Faculty of Arts (1966) was established. With the establishment of these faculties, the necessary infrastructure was also created, and approximately 50% of the existing infrastructure of Kabul University was established during this period.
In the first and second developmental plans of the Government of Afghanistan (1956-1967), the development of the university is one of the priorities of the Government of Afghanistan and serious attention is paid for the creation of modern higher education infrastructure in the university. The establishment of libraries, laboratories and research centers, the development of societies, internationalization, capacity building of professors, the growth of scientific research, the creation of publications, took place in this period. In 1968, Kabul University had 3860 students, 438 national professors, 186 international professors, 35 paid professors and a total of 714 professors were teaching and researching in this university. During this period, most of the professors of this university from developed countries up to PhD level had higher education and this university had a high position in the region, where foreign students from Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe and the United States studied in this university.
With the ups and downs of the political system, the growth and development of Kabul University also changed. Since 1992-1978; Kabul University has experienced little progress and development, so that the organizational structure of the university has expanded and the Faculty of Geology and Social Sciences (1979), the Faculty of Journalism (1980) have been added to the academic and administrative organization and approximately 10 Percentage of infrastructure part of Kabul University would be developed. However; due to the political situation at Kabul University, it has lost its pace of development, become isolated and stagnated. Many talented professors were forced to leave the country and the working relations of Kabul University with other prestigious national and international institutions were destabilized or suspended during these years.
During this period, the number of university students (8500), professors (860) and administrative staff increased to (440).
With the presence of the Mujahedeen and the beginning of the civil war in Afghanistan from (1992-1996), Kabul University went through difficult days and almost all its facilities were destroyed. The university was the site of conflict between hostile groups, as a result of which most of its material and spiritual resources were destroyed and the majority of professors and staff during this period emigrated or settled at home. With the capture of Kabul by the Taliban in (1996); female students were not allowed to educate and female professors lost their jobs. And by the reopening of the gates of Kabul University, only (300) professors and (3,000) students remained.
Rehabilitation and Progress Period (2001 to present)
This period is the age of revival, development and re-excellence of Kabul University. With the change of the political system of Afghanistan in 2001; a clear horizon is opened for this university, which will be undertaken by reviving, developing, mounting and modernizing the system:
- The faculties of Computer Science, Environment, Administration and Public Policy were recently established and the Faculty of Science was divided into four separated faculties: Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry. The number of faculties increased to 22 faculties and 101 departments.
- Update of curriculum in all departments,
- Establishment of 23 Master's programs and 2 PhD programs,
- Hiring young scientific staff and increasing the scientific staff to (900);
- Initiation of academic staff to foreign universities for postgraduate studies,
- Revival of scientific research,
- Revival and development of partnerships with national and international institutions,
- Equipping and renovating laboratories,
- Obtaining a national accreditation document,
- Increase the number of students (3000) to (25000);
- Reconstruction and equipping of all faculties,
- Establishment of dedicated libraries for all faculties,
- Establishment of information technology center,
- Establishment of 40% of existing infrastructure,
- Repairing and reconstruction of all roads and sidewalks.
- Higher Education’s new law was drafted and approved.
- A strategic plan was made for Kabul University.
- New procedures were developed to address inconsistencies and gaps.
- The HEMIS and HELMS systems are designed and implemented.
- The establishment of a voting system for the heads of departments was created and implemented.
- The process of awarding diploma for students became easy and transparent.
4. Developmental Access
4.1. Increasing female students up to 41 %
4.2. Providing dormitories for 3000 male and female students,
4.3. Providing better facilities for the blind students,
4.4. Creating a transparent system of academic staff.
4.5. Despite the security threat and Covid-19 Kabul University has been able to advance the teaching process through use of the HELMS system and other online and electronic tools and provide students access to the professors course materials.
Kabul University, as the major and main university in Afghanistan, with the new developmental plan is able to better meet the economic and social needs of the country.