Mechanical Engineering Department - Kabul University

Mechanical Engineering Department

To define Mechanical Engineering, first I want to answer these two questions asked by many students.

First Question: What is engineering?

 

Answer: Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying technical and scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structure, machines, devices systems and processes that safely realize a desired objective and meet specific criteria.

Second Question: Who is Engineer?

Answer: One who practices engineering is called engineer.

Now, I come to the definition of Mechanical Engineering, as follows:

Mechanical Engineering is an engineering discipline that was developed from the application of principles from natural laws, mathematics, physics and materials science. Mechanical engineering involves the analysis, design, manufacturing, construction and operation of plants, engines, machines and heating and cooling systems.

This field requires a solid understanding of core concepts including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, materials science, and energy.

Mechanical engineers use the core principles as well as other knowledge in the field to design and analyze products, supervise production, conduct research and development and run business and technical operation for manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating, ventilation, refrigeration, air- conditioning systems, motor vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices and more.

Mechanical engineers design and develop machines that produce energy, such as car engines and nuclear reactors. They also design and develop machines that use energy including air conditioners, power saws, elevators, and printing presses. Mechanical engineers work on various types of equipment and machines ranging from tiny mechanisms for delicate instruments to huge gears for bulldozers and from the ocean bottom to space. The field of mechanical engineering is very broad, and some of the diverse job titles include air pollution control engineer, environmental systems engineer, manufacturing engineer, and automotive engineer.

Mechanical engineers generally specialize in one area of engineering. For example, they may work with aircraft engines or with commercial refrigeration equipment. Other fields of specialty include fluid power, instrumentation, and bioengineering. Some work in a particular industry, such as petroleum or plastics.

Within each branch of mechanical engineering there are specific jobs. Some engineers design products. They must determine the needs of the user, the physical problems of building the equipment, the cost of the equipment, and its effect on the environment. Other mechanical engineers supervise the production and installation Most mechanical engineers work for manufacturing companies that make primary and fabricated materials, machinery, and electrical and transportation equipment.  Some mechanical engineers are in charge of its maintenance and operation. Still other mechanical engineers are involved in sales, research and development, or teaching at the university level. Mechanical engineers also work as administrators and as consultants.

Education:

Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered at universities worldwide. In Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, India, Nepal and North America, mechanical engineering programs typically take four to five years and result in a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech), Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng), or Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc) degree, in or with emphasis in mechanical engineering. In Spain, Portugal and most of South America, where neither BSc nor B.Tech programs have been adopted, the formal name for the degree is "Mechanical Engineer", and the course work is based on five or six years of training. In Italy the course work is based on five years of training; but in order to qualify as an Engineer you have to pass a state exam at the end of the course.

In the U.S., most undergraduate of mechanical engineering programs are accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) to ensure similar course requirements and standards among universities.In Canada are accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB), and most other countries offering engineering degrees have similar accreditation societies.

Some mechanical engineers go on to pursue a postgraduate degree such as a Master of Engineering, Master of Science, Master of Engineering Management (MEng.Mgt or MEM), a Doctor of Philosophy in engineering (EngD, PhD) or an engineer's degree. The master's and engineer's degrees may or may not include research. The Doctor of Philosophy includes a significant research component and is often viewed as the entry point to academia.

Coursework

The specific courses required to graduate, may differ from program to program. Universities will often combine multiple subjects into a single class or split a subject into multiple classes, depending on the faculty available and the university's major area(s) of research. Fundamental subjects of mechanical engineering usually include:

Mechanical engineers are also expected to understand and be able to apply basic concepts from chemistry, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, and physics. Most mechanical engineering programs include several semesters of calculus, as well as advanced mathematical concepts which may include differential equations and partial differential equations, linear and modern algebra, and differential geometry, among others.

In addition to the core mechanical engineering curriculum, many mechanical engineering programs offer more specialized programs and classes, such as robotics, transport and logistics, cryogenics, fuel technology, automotive engineering, biomechanics, vibration, optics and others, if a separate department does not exist for these subjects.

Most mechanical engineering programs also require varying amounts of research or community projects to gain practical problem-solving experience. Mechanical engineering students usually hold one or more internships while studying, though this is not typically mandated by the university.

 Mechanical Engineering laboratory:

  1. Auto control laboratory with electricity  department
  2. Resistance materials laboratory  with Civil department
  3. Tools laboratory and measures
  4. Providing period laboratory
  5. Combustion  inter engines laboratory
  6. HVAC laboratory
  7. Fluid Mechanics Laboratory 

    

Kabul University

Faculty of Engineering Curricula

Mechanical engineering department

The abbreviations used here obey the Higher Education Organizations Credit Systems Regulation of Afghanistan year 1383 (equivalent to 2004). The abbreviations are as follows:

EF – Engineering Faculty (This abbreviation is used for all core common subjects)

ME – Mechanical Engineering

 

Example: ME 417 means Mechanical Engineering Department, Forth Year Subject No.17. The subject number is not repeated in the same department during all four years.

                                                          Course Descriptions

The course descriptions for the Faculty of Engineering include the course number, course title, the number of semester credits and the number of contact periods per week in lecture, recitation and laboratory for each course (a contact period is 50 minutes).

Cr – Credits                                                                            Le – Lecture

Re - Recitation                                                                        Lb - Laboratory

Revision Records

1st    October 6, 1976

2nd   April 16, 2006 (From USAID Seminar, held at Kabul University, December 19-21 2005)

3rd    November-December 2006 (KSU Partnership Team)

4th    June-August 2007 (Approved by Department Faculties, Kabul University)

5th   April 2008 changes in ME curriculum approved.

6th   July 2008 changes in Architecture curriculum approved.

7th   June 23, 2009 changes to accommodate English IV in curricula and other minor adjustments. 

 

The first three semesters of the Engineering curricula are common to all three Engineering Departments so that the assignment of students to the engineering programs can be postponed to the end of the third semester. We recommend that new students be assigned to either Architecture or Engineering based on the results of the Conquered  Examination. Assignment of students to Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering will take place at the end of the third semester based on academic performance (GPA/Examination Scores) for the first three semesters at Kabul University.

 

Mechanical Engineering Department

The curriculum provides basic training in various fields of mechanical engineering with a focus on Heating and Cooling System, Design and Manufacturing, and Managment.  These are the three basic areas that are most important for rebuilding of Afghanistan.  The program of study prepares the student to be practical generalist in Electrical Engineering while getting deeper exposure to the specializations mentioned above.

Members of the Mechal Engineering Department participate in consultation and research ventures as needed by governmental and private agencies. These research activities broaden the practical knowledge of the faculty, staff and students of Mechanical Engineering.

 

First Year – Engineering

First Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

common

Letrature

None

x

2

2

3

English I

ENGL101

Basic

Engineering

None

2

x

4

4

Engineering Calculus I

MATH 101

Basic

Engineering

None

x

6

1

3

Graphic-I

ME 101

Basic

Engineering

None

x

3

2

3

Introduction to Engineering & Computers

EE 101

common

Faculty of Legal

None

x

x

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 101

common

Social Science

None

x

x

1

1

History of Afghanistan

HIST 101

Basic

Engineering

None

2

3

3

4

Engineering Physics I

PHYS 101

 

 

 

4

14

14

19

Total

 

 

Second Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

common

Letrature

ENGL101

x

2

2

3

English II

ENGL 102

Basic

Engineering

MATH 101

2

x

4

4

Engineering Calculus II  

MATH 102

Basic

Natural Science

None

2

3

2

3

Engineering Chemistry I

CHEM 101

Core

Engineering

EE 101

x

3

2

3

Computer Programming

EE 102

Basic

Engineering

EE 101 &    ME 101

x

6

1

3

Computer Aided Design

ME 102

Basic

Engineering

PHYS 101

2

3

3

4

Engineering Physics II

PHYS 102

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 101

x

x

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 102

 

 

 

6

17

15

21

Total

 

 

Second Year - Engineering

 

Third Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

common

Letrature

ENGL 102

x

2

2

3

English III

ENGL 203

Basic

Engineering

MATH 102

x

X

4

4

Engineering Calculus III

MATH 203

Core

Engineering

PHYS 101

x

3

3

4

Engineering Physics III

PHYS 203

Basic

Natural Science

CHEM 101

x

3

2

3

Engineering Chemistry II

CHEM 202

Basic

Engineering

MATH 101 & PHYS 101

x

X

3

3

Statics

CE 201

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 102

x

X

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 203

 

 

 

0

8

15

18

Total

 

 

Fourth Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

common

letrature

ENGL 203

x

2

2

3

English IV

ENGL 204

Core

Engineering

MATH 203

x

x

4

4

Engineering Differential Equations

MATH 204

Basic

Engineering

CE 203

x

x

3

3

Dynamics

ME 203

Core

Engineering

PHYS 203

x

3

3

4

Circuit Analysis I

EE 203

Core

Engineering

CE201

x

3

3

4

Strenth of Material 

CE202

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 203

x

x

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 204

 

 

 

0

8

16

19

Total

 

 

 

Third Year – Mechanical Engineering

         

Fifth Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

Core

Engineering

MATH 204

x

X

3

3

Applied Matrix Theory

MATH 305

Core

Engineering

CHEM101, &MATH203

x

X

3

3

Thermodynamics I

ME 304

Core

Engineering

PHYS203

x

3

3

4

Electric Circuit & Machines

EE 305

Core

Engineering

PHYS101& MATH203

x

3

3

4

Fluid Mechanics

ME305

Core

Engineering

ME 203

x

x

3

3

Kinematics

ME306

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 204

x

X

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 305

 

 

 

0

6

16

18

Total

 

 

Sixth Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

Core

Engineering

ME203&ME306

x

x

4

4

Dynamics of Machines

ME 307

Core

Engineering

CHEM101& MATH101

x

x

3

3

Technical Elective

ME3xx

Core

Engineering

MATH101& PHYS101

x

6

1

3

Manufacturing Proces I

ME308

Core

Engineering

None

x

x

3

3

Engineering Management I

ME309

Core

Engineering

EE305,ME304& EE102

x

6

1

3

Instrumental Lab

ME 310

Core

Engineering

ME304

x

x

3

3

Thermodynamics II

ME311

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 305

x

x

1

1

Islamyat

IS 306

 

 

 

0

12

16

20

Total

 

 

Fourth Year – Mechanical Engineering

Seventh Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

Core

Engineering

ME311

x

3

2

3

Internal Combussion Engines

ME 412

Core

Engineering

ME 304

x

x

3

3

Heat Transfer

ME 413

Core

Engineering

CE202 & ME413

x

3

3

4

Finite Elements Analysis

ME 414

Core

Engineering

ME308

x

6

1

3

Manufacturing Process II

ME 415

Core

Engineering

MATH 20 ,  ME310,EE102 &ME203

x

3

3

4

Automatic Control

ME 416

common

Faculty of Legal

IS 306

x

x

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 407

 

 

 

0

15

13

18

Total

 

 

 

Eighth Semester

Subject Category

Teaching Reference

Prerequisite

Re

Lb

Lecture

Credits

Subjects

Code. No

Core

Engineering

ME305

x

3

3

4

HVA/C

ME 417

Core

Engineering

ME309

x

x

3

3

Management II

ME 418

Core

Engineering

ME203 & CE202

x

x

3

3

Design of Machine Elements

ME 419

Core

Engineering

ME305 & ME310

x

6

1

3

Industerial Projects Design

ME 420

Core

Engineering

ME413

x

 

3

3

Semenar

EE 423

common

-

 

x

x

1

1

Islamic Studies

IS 408

 

 

 

0

9

14

17

Total

 

 

 

Total Credit for Mechanical Department : 153 Credit

Total Core Subject Credit :   56 %

Total Basic Subject Credit :  30%

Total Common Subject Credit :  14 %